Foundation to Level 2 Description
Students learn the sounds and written form of Indonesian. They notice similarities and differences between Indonesian and English, such as similar vocabulary and word order and differences in the position of adjectives and possessive pronouns. Students ask questions in English about Indonesia and Indonesians. With teacher support, they discuss the similarities and differences between the English and Indonesian language and cultures.
Levels 3 and 4 Description
Students participate orally in classroom routines and tasks. They respond to teacher-generated questions about texts. Students undertake word building and language exercises. They participate in shared reading and create texts using modelled language.
Students become increasingly aware that Indonesian is used by millions of speakers who do not have English as their first language. They notice and question aspects of Indonesian language and culture such as sounds, gestures and word order. They develop a wide range of vocabulary and simple conjunctions to generate their own ideas in structured tasks. They explore cultural traditions and practices and the language associated with these.
Levels 5 and 6 Description
Students use formulaic phrases in Indonesian with the teacher and peers. They focus on aspects of their personal world and are introduced to content related to Indonesia. Students develop oral language through scaffolded tasks and texts. They extend their oral fluency by focusing on sentence-level intonation and stress.
Students read texts and learn to apply their knowledge of key words and textual features to predict the meaning of unfamiliar language. Students use modelled language to create texts. They extend their language use by expressing ideas through expanding and connecting sentences.
Students expand their knowledge of vocabulary and sentence construction. They develop a range of ber- verbs, simple conjunctions and prepositions, noticing that sentences follow a similar word order to English, apart from possessive pronouns and adjectives. They develop a metalanguage for describing aspects of Indonesian language. They develop increasing awareness of the connection between language and cultural practices (for example, tawar-menawar,selamatan) and compare such connections to their own language and culture.